Saint-Pierre, Bernardin de

   Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, whose writings foreshadowed those of rené de chateaubriand and the romantics, was born in Le Havre and worked first as a government engineer. He was known for his brusque, unstable nature but also for his utopian dreams (his ideal republic is described in L'Arcadie, 1781) and for his many travels (to Malta, Russia, Poland, and Germany). After a sojourn on the Île de France (now Mauritius) from 1768 to 1770, he returned to Paris and became a disciple of jean-jacques rousseau. He expressed his nostalgia for a lost paradise in Voyage à l'Île de France (1775) and later in his Études de la nature (1784-88), which brought him instant celebrity. This success continued with the publication of Paul et Virginie, a part of the last volume of Études de la nature (1788), and was followed by La Chaumière indienne (1790), then Harmonies de la nature (1796). Appointed director of the Paris Botanical Gardens (1792) and named to the Institut de France (1795), he also received many honors during the first empire and was elected to the Académie Française in 1814. The writings of de Saint-Pierre reveal his imaginative love of nature and the sentimental, in contrast to the emphasis on external form and wit that characterized most of the French literature of the period.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint-Pierre, Bernardin de — VER Bernardin de Saint Pierre, Jacques Henri …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Saint-Pierre — Saint Pierre, Bernardin de …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • BERNARDIN DE SAINT-PIERRE (H.) — Jacques Henri Bernardin de Saint Pierre n’est pas le rêveur benêt dont après Aimé Martin, légataire zélé mais hagiographe excessif du maître, on a dessiné les traits. Esprit curieux, artiste admirable, toute son œuvre témoigne d’une philosophie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bernardin de Saint-Pierre —   [bɛrnar dɛ̃ dsẽ pjɛːr], Jacques Henri, französischer Schriftsteller, Saint Pierre, Jacques Henri Bernardin de.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bernardin de Saint-Pierre — Bernardin de Saint Pierre, s. Saint Pierre …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saint-Pierre [3] — Saint Pierre (spr. ßäng pjǟr ), 1) Charles Irénee Castel, Abbé de, franz. Philanthrop, geb. 18. Febr. 1658 in St. Pierre bei Barfleur (Normandie), gest. 29. April 1743, ward Geistlicher, 1695 Mitglied der Akademie, 1702 Beichtvater der Herzogin… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bernardin de Saint-Pierre — (spr. däng), franz. Schriftsteller, s. Saint Pierre …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saint-Pierre — (spr. Säng Piärr), 1) Eustache de St. P., Bürger von Calais, rettete, nach der Sage, die Stadt vor dem Zorn Eduards III. von England, welcher als Preis ihrer Begnadigung 6 Edle verlangte, welche den Strick um den Hals, im Hemde u. barfuß zu ihm… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bernardin de Saint-Pierre — [ber nȧr dan′ də san pyer′] Jacques Henri [zhäk än rē′] 1737 1814; Fr. writer * * * …   Universalium

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